1970s: The rise of the militant neo-Nazi scene

In the 1970s, the extreme right also became radicalised in Hamburg after the young NPD failed to enter the Bundestag in 1969. The far right responded to the '68 movement's critical approach to the Nazi past with an openly positive reference to National Socialism. Young neo-Nazis increasingly focussed on violent actions. New networks, military sports groups and terrorist structures emerged. In Hamburg, the "Odal Group" carried out attacks on left-wing organisations. The "Action Front of National Socialists" (ANS) covered the city with swastika graffiti and anti-Semitic slogans. The "Kühnen-Schulte-Wegener-Group" linked to the ANS looted money, weapons and ammunition during attacks.